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Applying Forms Authentication Selectively
Forms authentication is common way to authenticate a user in interenet scenarios. Some times you require to selectively apply authentication. For example you may want that all the pages from Folder1 be accessible to all where as pages from Folder2 must be accessible to authenticated users. This article shows how to do that.
Create an ASP.NET application
- Create an ASP.NET web application and add two folders to it - Folder1 and Folder2.
- In Folder1 add a web form called publicform.aspx
- In Folder2 add a web form called secureform.aspx.
- In the root of the application add a web form called login.aspx
Add web.config file to the root
Next, add web.config file to the root folder with following markup:
<forms name="myform" loginUrl="login.aspx"></forms>
<allow users="*" />
This is normal markup for enabling forms authentication. Note that we have set authorization section to allow all users. Since web.config settings are inherited by sub folders above settings will be applied to Folder1 and Folder2. But our aim is to protect Folder2. We can accomplish this by two ways:
- Adding another web.config in Folder2
- Adding location section in web.config of the root folder.
We will use second option in our example
Adding location section in web.config
Add following markup in web.config of your web application:
<deny users="?" />
Note that we have set the authorization section to deny ananomous users. This will force ASP.NET to display login page if somebody tries to access any page from Folder2 without authenticating.
In this article we saw how to apply forms authentication selectively to different folders of your web application. The flexible file based configuration system of ASP.NET makes it much easy for us. Using web.config location and authorization section you can easily achieve such selective security.